Genie Wiring Diagrams Hydraulic And Pneumatic Through investments of more than US$150 billion in conservation and development initiatives since 2000, China has established the highest rate of reforestation worldwide, while alleviating poverty in rural inland regions. In 2012, the Communist Party declared China’s Dream of harmonizing people and nature to build “the Ecological Civilization of the 21st Century.” This vision is steering the country into a new phase of investment, with leaders laying groundwork to limit development within nearly half (49%) of its total land area, and paying over 200 million residents to perform restoration and conservation activities.
Lights Wiring Diagram M3101M3385 996 End Of Task 91842 Change China has recognized that investing in natural capital is essential to long-term security and prosperity, and its approach is unparalleled anywhere in the world. This shift towards systematically restoring and valuing China’s lands, waters, and biodiversity is rooted in a growing sense of urgency over the natural environment, which has been severely degraded as the economy has boomed. Massive deforestation and subsequent erosion contributed to disastrous flooding along the Yangtze River and other rivers in 1998, triggering landslides that killed thousands and rendered 12 million homeless. This crisis prompted the creation of the largest payment for ecosystem services program in the world, involving 120 million households restoring forest and grassland to reduce risk of natural disasters while alleviating poverty.
Wiring A Trailer To Charge Battery Together With Dual Battery Wiring Now implementing an even more ambitious and comprehensive approach, China is re-zoning the entire country to account for ecosystem service importance and ecological sensitivity, and is limiting human impacts and targeting investments in more sustainable livelihoods on about half (49%) of its total land area. The target areas are vital to the provision of five classes of services, all national priorities: mitigating flooding, securing water supplies (for drinking, irrigation, and hydropower), renewing soil resources, reducing the risk of dust- and sandstorms, and conserving biodiversity (as an input to many vital benefits). These Ecosystem Function Conservation Areas (EFCAs) are mapped using data and analytics that show where important ecosystem services originate, based on the first China Ecosystem Assessment (reporting nationwide change over 2000-2010).
Gm 3 4 Liter Engine Evap Diagram The designation of EFCAs is potentially transformative in that it provides an important scientific basis for ecological transfer payments from the Central Government to EFCAs. These transfer payments are now underway, engaging local people in conservation and restoration, building capacity and the economic structure for more sustainable livelihoods. In 2014, the payments amounted to 48 billion yuan RMB (1 USD = 6.37 yuan as of September 12, 2015). The EFCAs are focusing conservation in areas with high return-on-investment for public benefit, and zoning high-impact human activities so as to minimize reduction of natural capital values.
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Microphone Cable Yaesu Wiring Harness Wiring Diagram Wiring NatCap supports the leaders of this work, in the Research Center for Eco-Environmental Science of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and at the School of Public Policy and Administration, Xi’an Jiaotong University, and the Ministry of Environmental Protection. Other collaborators in this endeavor include Michigan State University, the University of Minnesota, and Stanford University. Together, we are:
Electric Circuit Generator 1. Informing the design of compensation mechanisms in three priority EFCA demonstrations: (i) the primary local surface water source for Beijing, Miyun Reservoir; (ii) a primary distant water source for North China (through the South-to-North Water Transfer Project), Ankang Municipality, Shaanxi Province; and (iii) in Hainan Island, China’s first Ecological Province where new policies are being tested. In all cases, major investments are going into policy evaluation for biophysical and social impacts, with a major focus on improving livelihoods of poor and vulnerable people.
World Wide Web Editable Powerpoint Template 2. Supporting the China Ecosystem Assessment (2000-2010, and ongoing), engaging more than three thousand scientists in natural capital approaches to (a) systematize and interpret ecosystem data (much of it distributed across agencies and not readily accessible); (2) implement InVEST (for Integrated Valuation of Ecosystem Services and Tradeoffs) and other new tools for quantifying the provision of ecosystem goods and services across the nation today; (3) identify the most important source areas of goods and services; and (4) project provision under alternative scenarios of future change.
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2003 Acura Tl Stereo Wiring Diagram On Pontiac Bonneville Wiring While the long-term outcomes remain to be seen, China has already achieved a major reversal in forest cover and opened new income streams to help lift people out of poverty.
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Onq Legrand Da1004 4Port Ethernet Router Switch The work is happening at both large scales and the community level, where funds are being dispersed. The current and potential future impacts of ecosystem service investments in China are enormous, both within the country and globally, showing how serious investments in natural capital improve human well-being everywhere.